Kristallnacht could be counted as the beginning of the Holocaust. German politicians remember Nazi Kristallnacht pogrom.
Germany is marking the 80th anniversary of attacks on Jews that foreshadowed the Holocaust.
Other things that happened in Germany on the 9th of November.
- Demolition of the Berlin Wall began on November 9, 1989
- Weimar Republic was created (de facto) on that date in 1918 when Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicated.