Think piracy has to do with music downloads or summer movies? Think again. Analysis: West Africa: where navies are not enough – fighting piracy in the Gulf of Guinea | DefenceWeb.
Johnny Depp may be the best-known pirate in theatres, and Somali pirates remain dangerous in the Indian Ocean, but the pirates causing oil companies and Lloyds of London sleepless nights are raiding ships in Africa’s Gulf of Guinea that carry near 30 per cent of all U.S. oil imports.
Not surprising that all that oil – and the ransoms for captured crews – makes for some folks taking up “sailing on the account.”
It may have dropped off the news coverage, but that isn’t because the problem is solved. Regional leaders meet over security in Gulf of Guinea | Fox News.
For those of you who are geographically challenged, the Gulf of Guinea is on the west coast of Africa.
The Gulf of Guinea, which includes waters off Nigeria, Africa’s largest oil producer, has emerged as a new danger-zone with pirates targeting fuel cargo and loading it onto other ships to sell on the lucrative black market, rather than seeking ransom to release ships, the International Maritime Bureau (IMB) said earlier this week.
With all the attention focused on Somalia, and the east coast of Africa, it seems that the fires have broken out in other places. And gotten less attention.
The year 2012 marked the first time since the surge in piracy off the coast of Somalia that the reported number of both ships and seafarers attacked in the Gulf of Guinea surpassed that of the Gulf of Aden and of the western Indian Ocean
The old methods work best, even if you rely on new technology to implement those methods. Sea Transportation: How The Seychelles Became Toxic For Pirates.
Toxic: Hazardous to your health.
Over the last year you stopped hearing about Somali pirates attacking ships off the Seychelles islands. That’s because in the last year the UAE (United Arab Emirates), India, and the United States have provided massive assistance to turn the Seychelles Coast Guard into a force that can quickly spot pirates and neutralize (capture or kill) them.
Fast patrol boats. Surveillance planes. Unmanned aerial vehicles. Combine them and you get an area of the world that is no-longer pirate friendly.
The 30 meter boats, although armed only with machine-guns, are fast enough and have sufficient firepower to handle any pirates they encounter. Last year there were several such bloody encounters and the Somali pirates decided that the Seychelles were no longer good hunting grounds.
All of this is very popular with the Seychelles population. Piracy is a bad business and bad for business.
Those folks who like to think that governments should be in charge of everything, are beside themselves today. You see, governments have proven sadly unable to stop piracy. (The real kind, not the stealing of songs from iTunes or videos from Hollywood kind.) Private navies combating Indian Ocean pirates.
Speaker: James Brown, Military Analyst, Lowy Institute
BROWN: Well there’s three different types, the first is the 140 companies now operating in the Indian Ocean providing private armed guards, who will basically ride shot gun on your commercial ship as you go through the piracy risk area. The second type are the companies that provide escort vessels, so these are the private patrol boats armed with heavy machine guns and they will go along with the vessel or a group of vessels and basically stop anyone that comes near them and looks like it’s going to interrupt their voyage. And third phenomenon we’re seeing as well is national militaries, particularly European militaries hiring out their soldiers for use on board ships, these are called vessel protection detachments. So there’s quite a lot of activity and quite a lot of new players moving around the Indian Ocean. [note from Z-Deb: Europe has a much bigger problem with this, so it makes sense they are more involved.]
Maritime piracy is down SUBSTANTIALLY since shipping companies finally realized that the governments of the world were either helpless to stop piracy, or were just not that interested in doing so. And when they realized that, they turned to the market for support.
But you would think that a decrease in the number of people taken hostage was a bad thing, if you listen to these hand-wringers. Is it perfect? No. But then, if you haven’t noticed, that perfect world is in a different area code. Nothing is perfect. But fewer people held hostage by pirates in the hell-hole that is Somalia (how long has it been since they had a “functioning government?”) is better than more people held hostage. Even if it means relying on “private military companies” – that’s weasel-words for “mercenary.”
Concerns that they are acting in a “legal vacuum” is smokescreen. If there was a legal framework that held sway in east Africa, we wouldn’t have a problem with piracy. So yes, there is a legal vacuum off the coast of Somalia. And off the coasts of Nigeria and Ghana, the Gulf of Guinea, and other places. I believe “lawless” and “legal vacuum” are just about equivalent in these cases.
The problem hasn’t gone away, but finally, the trends are in the right direction. World sea piracy falls in first 6 months of 2012 – USATODAY.com Falls by 54%. Not a small statistical anomaly.
The International Maritime Bureau attributed the sharp drop to “pre-emptive and disruptive counter piracy tactics” by international navies patrolling in seas off Somalia as well as increased vigilance by ships including hiring private armed personnel on board.
While I’m sure that the navies of NATO et al like to think they have had some impact, the real change in the last year or 2 is the embarkation of armed mercenaries – security forces – on ships in the worst areas.
The bureau said the decline in Somali piracy was partially offset by intensified and violent attacks in the Gulf of Guinea off western Africa, where 32 cases including five hijackings were reported, up from 25 in the first half last year. Nigeria reported 17 cases, nearly triple the number from a year ago. Togo reported five attacks including the hijacking of a tanker, up from no incidents in the same time last year, it said.
Several countries in West Africa are getting aid to beef up their navies, including Ghana, which picked up a couple of surplus German fast-attack-craft.
Ghana has been reviewing measures to safeguard its waters, most importantly to protect our oil installations from pirate attacks. Piracy in the Gulf of Guinea is not on the scale of that off Somalia, but analysts say an increase in scope and number of attacks in a region ill-equipped to counter the threat could affect shipping and investment.
Sailing on the account, is an ancient (if not exactly time-honored) tradition. Keeping it in check means military might. That’s what worked in the 1800s, and that is what is working (finally) in East Africa.